What are the impacts of tourism in Zambia?

How does tourism affect Zambia?

Tourism makes a significant contribution to Zambia’s economy. In 2005, nature tourism alone (when both direct and indirect effects are included ) contributed nearly 16 percent of Zambian exports, 6.5 percent of GDP, 7 percent of government revenues, 10 percent of formal sector employment and nearly 6 percent of wages.

What are the three impacts of tourism?

Tourism can generate positive or negative impacts under three main categories: economic, social, and environmental.

What are the benefits and impacts of tourism?

Economic Pros and Cons of Tourism

Benefits Detriments
Tourism promotes international connections which can increase business opportunities. Attracted by opportunity, foreign companies begin poaching business away from local businesses.
* The area may become dependent on tourists’ dollars and risk loss and damage as a result.

What are the types of tourism impacts?

Williams (1979) defined three types of impact: economic, social, and environmental/physical [27]. In 2012 Vehbi, classified tourism in three titles; economic, socio-cultural and physical (natural and built).

What are the impacts of tourism on the environment?

Tourism often puts pressure on natural resources through over-consumption, often in places where resources are already scarce. Tourism puts enormous stress on local land use, and can lead to soil erosion, increased pollution, natural habitat loss, and more pressure on endangered species.

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Why is tourism important in Zambia?

TOURISM holds the key to Zambia’s economic prosperity contributing about 4.6 per cent to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). … Government has recognised the tourism sector as an important contributor to the country’s economic growth, employment creation and rural development.

What is the impact of COVID-19 on Zambia’s economy?

Negative Growth: Zambia enters Recession

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Zambian economy entered one of its deepest recessions in history, shrinking by 4.2% in 2020. This was the first time since 1998 that the Zambian economy has contracted.

How can Zambia improve tourism?

The government has undertaken multi-pronged approach to put Zambia’s tourism on the map

  1. Regions prioritization. …
  2. Appointment of investments facilitator. …
  3. Establishing of tourism development fund. …
  4. Hotels grading and licensing. …
  5. Quest to re-launch national airlines. …
  6. Infrastructure investments.

What causes tourism impacts?


Tourism can cause the same forms of pollution as any other industry: air emissions, noise, solid waste and littering, releases of sewage, oil and chemicals, even architectural/visual pollution.

What is the impact of tourism on the economy?

Tourism boosts the revenue of the economy, creates thousands of jobs, develops the infrastructures of a country, and plants a sense of cultural exchange between foreigners and citizens. The number of jobs created by tourism in many different areas is significant.