What do you mean by foreign Judgement?
Section 2(6) of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (CPC) defines a foreign judgement as a judgement of a foreign court. A foreign court is defined by Section 2(5) of the CPC as a court situated outside India and not established or continued by the authority of the Central Government.
How foreign judgments can be enforced?
A foreign judgment passed by a court of a non-reciprocating country can only be enforced by filing a new suit in India where the foreign decree is merely a piece of evidence with persuasive value. Therefore, the judgment debtor can raise the claim of res judicata and stay the suit at the preliminary stage.
Under what circumstances is a foreign judgment conclusive?
A foreign judgment shall be conclusive as to any matter thereby directly adjudicated upon between the same parties or between parties under whom they or any of them claim litigating under the same title except- (a) where it has not been pronounced by a Court of competent jurisdiction; (b) where it has not been given on …
How do you domesticate a foreign judgment?
The process requires registering a certified copy of the foreign judgment with the clerk of the court in the jurisdiction where you want to enforce the judgment. You will also need to file an affidavit attesting to certain facts, as specified in the court’s procedural rules.
When foreign Judgement is an enforceable?
A foreign judgment passed by a court of a non-reciprocating country can only be enforced by filing a new suit in India where the foreign decree is merely a piece of evidence with persuasive value. In such a case, the judgment debtor can raise the claim of res judicata and forestall the suit at the preliminary stage.
What do you mean by foreign Judgement When is a foreign Judgement not conclusive?
When a foreign judgement is not decided on the merits, it cannot be held conclusive. Where a judgement is given on evidence, it is deemed to be a judgement on the merits. However, if no evidence is adduced by the plaintiff and judgement is against the defendant by way of penalty, it will not be conclusive.
What is the difference between recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments?
Recognition means treating the claim as having been determined in favour of one of the litigating parties. This is an acknowledgment of foreign competence and of the settling of a dispute, known as res judicata. Enforcement, by contrast, is the implementation of the judgment.
How do I prove a foreign Judgement?
Since a foreign judgment is considered a public document under Rule 132 of the Rules of Court, Section 19 in relation to Section 24 thereof requires proof, either by (1) an official publication or (2) a copy attested by the officer having legal custody of the document.
What is the Uniform Enforcement of Foreign Judgments Act?
The debtor will have a chance to respond to your judgment, however. If the debtor ignores the notice, you are in luck. … Then you can enforce the judgment through a garnishment, levy, or other attachment of the debtor’s assets.
In which court validity of a foreign Judgement can be challenged under section 13 of CPC?
The Supreme Court in a case[viii] observed that under Section 13(e) of the CPC, the foreign judgment is open to challenge where it has been obtained by fraud. Fraud as to the jurisdiction of the Nevada court is a vital consideration in the recognition of the decree passed by that court.
Is there any presumption regarding a foreign judgment?
The Court shall presume, upon the production of any document purporting to be a certified copy of a foreign judgment’ that such judgment was pronounced by a Court of competent jurisdiction, unless the contrary appears on the record; but such presumption may be displaced by proving want of jurisdiction.