Why do protons and electrons attract each other?

Why are protons and electrons attracted to each other quizlet?

Since atoms are neutral, each atom has the same number of electrons as it has protons in the nucleus. … Protons repel each other (because like charges repel) and they attract electrons (because opposite charges attract).

What force attracts protons to electrons?

Basically, it contains a nucleus, holding some number (call it N) of positively charged protons, which is surrounded by a cloud (N) of negatively charged electrons. The force that holds the electrons and protons together is the electromagnetic force.

What causes protons to attract?

The strong force is a force which attracts protons to protons, neutrons to neutrons, and protons and neutrons to each other. The force has a very short range, and this is the reason the nucleus of an atom turns out to be so small.

How are protons and electrons different quizlet?

-Protons have a positive charge. –Electrons have a negative charge. -The charge on the proton and electron are exactly the same size but opposite.

Why do neutrons and protons attract?

Also, neutrons and protons are made up of tinier particles called quarks. And it is the quarks that exchange force carrying particles between each other to give rise to the strong force. … The strong force also attracts protons to protons or neutrons to neutrons.

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Why do electrons and protons not attract?

In a sense, protons and electrons stick together as much as they can. They simply can’t stay together. … An electron has a lot of kinetic energy. Its constant motion keeps it in orbit around the atomic nucleus, which contains the protons.

Why do atoms attract each other?

The valence electrons are involved in bonding one atom to another. The attraction of each atom’s nucleus for the valence electrons of the other atom pulls the atoms together. As the attractions bring the atoms together, electrons from each atom are attracted to the nucleus of both atoms, which “share” the electrons.

Do electrons attract electrons?

This charge, in turn, results in an electric potential for the electrons. This means that the electron distorts the crystal lattice (builds up a positive charge around itself) which, at the end, attracts other electrons.

Why do protons repel each other?

The strong force acts on both neutrons and protons, so it isn’t a force affiliated with the electric charge. … The repulsive Coulomb force between protons is long-ranged. This means that two protons will be repelled from one another over relatively large distances.

Can a proton and electron collide?

A: Nope, no can do. It’s because electrons and protons are different animals. An electron can annihilate with a positron (anti-electron) and a proton can annihilate with an anti-proton, but not with each other.